Frequently Asked Questions  

The first thing to do is to contact the following M.O.D. Department about your relation’s Service Record: Ministry of Defence, Army Personnel Centre, Historic Disclosures, Mailpoint 400, Kentigern House, 65 Brown Street, Glasgow, G2 8EX, tel: 0141-224-2023 and 0141-224-3303 e-mail: disc4.civsec@apc.army.mod.uk
I can only assume that Mr Beevor used extremely dated information about the guns, as for many years they were assumed to be 75mm. The first book to clarify this matter was entitled Assault on the Guns of Merville by Lt Alan Jefferson, who actually took part in the action. This was published in 1982 ! Each of the four casemates at Merville housed a 100mm Field Howitzer, Type 14/19(t). These had originally been manufactured for the Austro-Hungarian Army in 1914 and subsequently modified with longer barrels, hence the /19, by the Skoda Works in Pilsen and delivered to the Czechoslovakian Army. The Germans absorbed these into the Wehrmacht upon the annexation in 1938, hence the (t) to signify its Czechoslovakian manufacture (spelt with a ‘t’ in German).